The Common Marine Fish of Newfoundland and Labrador

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Pelagic - fish that live throughout the water column, travel mostly in large schools, and feed near the surface:
American Eel (Anguilla rostrata)

Arctic Char (Salvelinus alpinus)

Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar)

Caplin (Mallotus villosos)

Herring (Clupea harengus harengus)

Mackerel (Scomber scombrus)

Rainbow Trout (Salmo gairdneri )

Smelt (Osmerus mordax)


Groundfish - fish that feed and live near the ocean bottom:
American Plaice (Hippoglossoides platessoides)

Atlantic Catfish (Anarhichas lupus)

Cod (Gadus morhua)

Dogfish (Squalus acanthias)

Greenland Halibut (Turbot) (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides )

Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus)

Halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus)

Lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus)

Redfish (Ocean Perch) (Sebastes marinus)

Red Hake (Urophycis chuss)

Skate (Raja senta) [smooth] (Raja radiata) [thorny]

White Hake (Merlu argente)

Winter Flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus )

Witch Flounder (Glyptocephalus cyroglossus)

Yellowtail Flounder (Limanda ferruginea)


Shellfish - molluscs and crustaceans:
Blue Mussels (Mytilus edulis)

Lobster (Homarus americanus)

Sea Scallop (Placopecten magellanicus)

Icelandic Scallop (Chlamys islandicus )

Shrimp (Pandalus borealis )

Snow Crab (Chionoecetes opilio)

Squid (Illex illecebrosus )



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