The Native Trees of Newfoundland


Yellow birch, Witch-hazel  (Betula alleghaniensis Britton) trunk/bole in winter, keys of scale

Black spruce and cones (handsaw for scale)

Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis Britton) has the most dense wood of any native tree in Newfoundland. Hence, it makes an excellent firewood when dry. Yellow birch will grow well on a wide range of sites, including wet sites with standing water. They prefer northerly facing sites. The yellow birch tree produces wintergreen (methyl salicylate), which is used as a fragrance. The scent of wintergreen can be detected by placing a freshly cut twig near the nose. 

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